The Passage - Part II

Chris Lele
Lesson by Chris Lele
Magoosh Expert
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Okay, and this is the second part of us going through a reading passage. I've chosen a fiction passage. There will be exactly one fiction passage per reading section. This one happens to have ten questions. Sometimes a passage, whether it's fiction or science, will have 11. Just a little thing to keep in mind, but this one has ten, so we have five more questions to go through.

Here's Erskine and the painting, the forgery passage which you should know pretty well by now. There's Cyril Graham, his friend. And let's dive straight into the questions. The passage implies that Lord Pembroke was a personage. Now we learned here, that Lord Pembroke is someone that people, not everyone, obviously not Cyril Graham, believed that the sonnets were dedicated to.

So, he's not necessarily a person who is familiar with Shakespeare's plays. Notice, it says sonnets. Sonnets aren't plays. I think A is a great trap answer though. A little bit more specifically though, we want not B though, who the narrator knew first hand, no.

We have no evidence of that. We just know that there's many theories that Shakespeare dedicated some of his works, his sonnets to this Pembroke fellow, and there's our answer. D, unrelated to the person who went by the initials W.H. It sounds like he is related. It sounds like it is him.

So therefore, the answer there is C. So this is an implies question. You'll get a couple of these. It's not directly stated, but you have to put together the answer based on the information in the passage as we did. Here though, we're gonna have another question that is the evidence based question.

You'll get a pair of these. We had one in part one of this series. Now in part two we get the other one. This one is a shorter question and it asks, what emotional effect does the painting likely exert on Erskine? And here we go, this is the exerted text.

It's a charming thing, I cried, but who is this wonderful young man, this is the portrait of Mr. WH, said Erskine, with a sad smile, and his eyes, though it may have been the chance effect of light seemed bright with tears. So was he crying? Maybe, maybe not, but definitely has a sad smile, so there's some sadness here. Is he indifferent, not caring?

No. Is he jubilation, or feeling jubilant, jumping up and down, yee? No, is he jealous, get away from my painting you young man? No. But is he feeling a little bit sad and melancholic? Yeah.

And where can we get the lines? Well, I actually just gave you the lines right there. So that makes things easy. But of course, you'll have to go back to the passage and read each one of these. And again, if you're unsure, where are they looking? I don't know. Where do I find this information?

You could just dive straight into question eight, cuz. You should always look at the question below. In this case, we're dealing with question seven, look below it. When you're doing the SAT, and if number eight happens to be one of these ones where you have the lines, then you know, oh, it's evidence based reasoning. And then I can just read these and then match them up with the answers.

And again we end up with D. This is the portrait seen bright with tears. Be careful not with these don't think oh I cried, there must be sadness. That's the narrator crying so be careful not to choose something like that. So again the answers are both D. Moving on.

We have a young man with a strange theory, most likely describes who? Again, we have here the text, we don't have an evidenced based reasoning so we'll only get two of those. There's always two questions. But two times two is four, so four questions total, which we've already had. So, this one you actually have to know where to look.

And, here a young man with a strange theory is at the very beginning. It describes Cyril Graham. And, that's why he's the person who forged this painting so that it would back up his theory the narrator shows. Not the narrator, but rather Erskine shows the narrator this forgery. So, we know that Cyril Graham is that man.

Okay, finally we have number ten, which of the following best describes how the passage is structured. Now this is a main idea question, it's a big picture question. The best way to tackle these big picture questions is of course actively reading from the get go so you've created this framework of the passage in your head, you can give three or four bullet points.

And that's kind of what this is, what are those big, overarching points? Guy talks about art with his friend. That transitions to this whole story about the theory of, what is a forgery, when that person forges that painting so he can back up the specific theory. What's going on here? And then what happens is, this fellow Erskine shows the narrator the painting to, kind of prefaced this whole story of what actually happened.

So now that we've kind of talked ourselves through it, let's look at A. A series of events is related, culminating in a discovery. What's the discovery? It's more like Erskine is revealing something to him after this introductory talk on a similar issue. A series of events, though.

Well, not really. We just start off with them talking about art, and then transitioning to this painting, but a series of events is a bit fishy. A tragic incident is described. So far, not tragic, don't get carried away with the fact that the guy might have been crying.

He hasn't actually related this incident. It might be tragic, but we don't get that far in the story. C, a topic is used. Forgeries, what are the point of forgeries? To how the narrator came to learn of something. What's that something?

This painting, this forgery by this fellow, Cyris or whatever his name was. And therefore, Cyril Graham sorry, and then therefore, C is a pretty good answer. D, a friendly discussion slowly degenerates into a hostile one. Again, there's going to be some answer choices that are clearly wrong, it's okay to get rid of them right away. This implies that he was, Erskine was about to beat up the narrator because he touched his forgery or something of that nature but of course, that is not correct, and you can get towards the end.

And you don't have to do these questions in order. If you're stumped on an evidence based reading question, it's a good idea just to skip it. And, go to some of the other ones. Like, I don't think this question, for instance, is that hard, I think it's pretty easy, if you've read the passage.

So, I think you can get this one quickly, also once you get to the end of the questions dealing with this passage, don't feel like, okay there were hard ones now I have to go back and deal with them, just go on to the next passage, there, again going to be five total passages in the reading section. So, go through each one and pick out the questions that are easier if you are struggling.

And, you can always come back. Just, of course, be very careful to mark your test papers, so that you don't jump around or bubble in the wrong number.

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